思考的形式

馬克思在《資本論》第一卷寫道:

商品價值形式(value form)是資產階級經濟學的概念範疇,是一種思維形式,而且,它不是某個思想家腦海裡的東西,而是「有社會效力的,因而是客觀的思維形式」(forms of thought which are socially valid, and therefore objective),這裡所謂社會效力與客觀,當然是指商品生產。即是說,商品生產也涉及人們概念範疇,它能觸發、促進、維繫著生產的社會關係。

這可以說是馬克思對意識形態的理解,一種離不開物質性實踐的思維形式,它最重要的兩個面向,一為具有社會效力,另一為具有客觀性。

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